Glocalizarea neoliberalismului în România prin reforma statului şi dezvoltarea antreprenorială [Enikő Vincze]

Enikő Vincze published the article Glocalizarea neoliberalismului în România prin reforma statului şi dezvoltarea antreprenorială in the Romanian volume Epoca Traian Băsescu, coordinated by Florin Poenaru and Costi Rogozanu, published at Editura Tact in October 2014. The article (The glocalization of neoliberalism in Romania through the reform of the state and entrepreneurial development) makes an analysis of the post-socialist public policy frame and in particular of how was its neoliberal form shaped during the last decade. Within this context one may better understand the logic of sectoral policies, such as housing, spatial and social policies observed under the SPAREX research.  Continue reading

The racialization of Roma in the ‘new’ Europe and the political potential of Romani women [Enikő Vincze]

The article was prepared for the Special issue of the European Journal of Women’s StudiesThe New Europe: 25 Years after the Fall of the Wall, guest editors Barbara Einhorn and Kornelia Slavova, November 2014; 21 (4).  At the moment, the online vesrion of the article is available  at European Journal of Women’s Studies, November 2014 21: 435-442, doi:10.1177/1350506814548963 (http://ejw.sagepub.com/content/current).

The article is partially based on the analysis of “Roma politics” and “policies for Roma” conducted under the auspices of the SPAREX research.   Continue reading

Ethnic identification and the desire to belong in the case of urban youth from Romania [Enikő Vincze]

Enikő Vincze: Ethnic identification and the desire to belong in the case of urban youth from Romania. In Migrant, Roma and Post-Colonial Youth in Education across Europe. Being ‘Visibly Different’, edited by Julia Szalai and Claire Schiff, Palgrave, 2014. Chapter 13, pp. 198-213. The book was launched on the 18th of September 2014 at Central European University.

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Publications of SPAREX research team members in the “Vatra” cultural magazine

Four members of the SPAREX research team published articles inspired by the topic of our investigation in the cultural journal “Vatra”, XLIV, Nr. 519-520, June-July 2014:

Adrian Dohotaru: Antropologie performativă. Cazul ghetoului Pata Rât, pp. 60-64.

Norbert Petrovici: Industrii creative și dezvoltare urbană, pp. 57-60.

Cristina Raț: Despre margini, pp. 41-44.

Enikő Vincze: Politica, politicile și romii, pp. 38-41.

 

Politici de incluziune a romilor în statele membre ale Uniunii Europene [co-author Cristina Raț]

Cristina Raț, member of the SPAREX research team participated on a project of the Romanian European Institute under the auspices of its Strategy and Policy Studies (STUDII DE STRATEGIE ŞI POLITICI) – SPOS 2013. The resulted publication was published in 2014. 

Institutul European Român. Politici de incluziune a romilor în statele membre ale Uniunii Europene (Inclusion Policies of Roma in EU Member States). Authors: Sorin CACE (coordinator), Gabriela NEAGU, Cristina RAȚ, Ana IVASIUC

http://www.ier.ro/sites/default/files/pdf/SPOS_2013_nr.2.pdf

Processes of subjectification and their effects on racializing Roma [Enikő Vincze]

The article is based on the paper Cultural identity politics, social policies and racialization processes regarding Roma, which was prepared and presented by Enikő Vincze at the workshop “Race in/outside post-WWII Europe: On the Politics of Governing and Knowledge Production” (organized by the CEU Institute for Advanced Study and Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Budapest, June 10, 2014). It is relying on the results of the SPAREX research, in particular on the analysis of Roma politics and policies for Roma.

The paper discusses about the politics of culture, rights, social inclusion and development as processes of subjectification, and about how they are (ab)used in the process of racialization of the Roma. It briefly describes attempts of Romani nation- and minority-building, demands for universal human rights for Roma, “Europeanization” of Roma by inclusion policies, and the production of under-development, but as well as how the resulting subject positions for Roma are interpreted in a racist frame as ‘The inferior’ nation”, ‘The different’ minority, ‘The Other’ European citizen, ‘The vulnerable group’ and the ‘East-European sub-human’. The analysis views all these developments as dynamics that create subject positions for Roma in the broader power structure of capitalism within which they operate. Eventually the paper addresses what is the role of anti-Roma racism in the current neoliberalization processes and how is anti-Roma racism related to “The Roma poverty” and “Roma cultural inferiority” discourse. Last, but not least, the paper suggests the need for a new politics of empowerment that could act as transformative subjectification, which would enable one to act from a subject position created for him/her by the economic and cultural system in a way that changes the system itself from the local, through the national to the European level.

The text is under revision, prepared for publication in a journal. Its main ideas and conclusions are presented in a synthetic table available here  Roma_subjectification_table_EV_june2014(2) Continue reading

Marginalizarea comunităților de romi din România. Studii de caz în județele Alba, Arad, Călărași, Dolj și Iași [volume]

Începând din decembrie 2012, Fundația Desire pentru Deschidere și Reflecție Socială din Cluj, împreună cu Centrul de Cercetare pentru Studii Economice și Regionale al Academiei Maghiare de Științe, și cu Facultatea de Filosofie a Universității Belgrad, a fost partener instituțional la cercetarea „Faces and Causes of the Roma Marginalization in Local Settings. Contextual inquiry to the UNDP/World Bank/EC Regional Roma Survey 2011, focusing on Hungary, Romania, Serbia.”  Primele două faze ale acestei inițiative comune a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Open Society Foundation’s Roma Initiatives Office (RIO), programul OSI Making the Most of EU Funds for Roma Inclusion, și Central European University/Center for Policy Studies (CEU CPS) s-a derulat în România, Serbia și Ungaria între decembrie 2012 – iunie 2013. Ele au fost finanțate de United Nations Development Programme.

Analiza materialului empiric generat prin a doua fază a acestei cercetări contextuale efectuate în 25 localități din România a fost publicată la Editura EFES în iunie 2014 în volumul MARGINALIZAREA SOCIO-TERITORIALĂ A COMUNITĂȚILOR DE ROMI DIN ROMÂNIA. Studii de caz în județele Alba, Arad, Călărași, Dolj și Iași. Editori Enikő VINCZE și Iulia-Elena HOSSU.  Autori: Cătălin Dîrțu, Adrian-Nicolae Furtună, Margareta Herțanu, Iulia-Elena Hossu, Andrei Tudor MihaiL, Elena Mihalache, Rafaela Maria Muraru, Florina Pop, Mihaela Preda, Elena Trifan, Daniel TUDORA, Enikő Vincze. Varianta on-line a volumului este accesibilă aici.

Investigația contextuală a continuat între iulie 2013 și iunie 2014 cu o a treia fază, constând dintr-un studiu calitativ derulat în câte trei localități din fiecare țară participantă cu privire la rolul relațiilor interetnice în (re)producerea marginalizării sociale. Ea a fost finanțată de Open Society Foundations. În România studiile au fost efectuate în orașele Aiud (județul Alba) și Calafat (județul Dolj), precum și în comuna Lungani (județul Iași).

Orașul Cluj, oraș fără excluziune socio-teritorială [Enikő Vincze]

A paper using research results of SPAREX was presented at the debate on “Socio-territorial desegregation of Pata Rat and the inclusive institutional mechanisms” organized at the Prefecture of Cluj on the 20th of June 2014 on the initiative of the Minister for Social Dialogue, Aurelia Cristea.

Cluj oras fara excluz socio-terit_EV_20iun2014

Presentations were sustained by experts involved in the elaboration of proposals regarding the introduction of the social inclusion perspective into the Development Strategy of Cluj-Napoca 2014-2020 (Cluj 2020 – inclusive city). Participants included academics from the Babes-Bolyai University, local activists, NGO people (such as the Community Association of Roma from Coastei, the Reseource Center for Roma Communities and others), and representatives of local public institution (Cluj Prefecture, Cluj-Napoca City Hall and Local Council, County School Inspectorate, North-West Office of the National Agency for Roma), but as well as representatives of Amnesty International and ERRC.