This paper, presented at the conference “Ethnic and religious conflicts, nationalist discourses and inter-ethnic tolerance in the 20th century. A comparative approach”, organized at ELTE Budapest on the 21th of October 2013 by Collège Doctoral Européen en SHS – Sorbonne nouvelle, University of Rome, Babes-Bolyai University, and Eötvös Loránd University Doctoral School of Sociology under the framework of Collège Doctoral Européen, addresses “politics and policies for Roma” as a process and/or as a battleground by and on which multiple and multilevel actors negotiate on the “proper” approach towards “the Roma question”. This process does not only define “the problem” and identify “the solution” but it is also creating “the Roma” as political subject, while challenging traditional understandings of state, nation, minority, citizenship or belonging. On the base of reconstructing the shift from the politics of culture and politics of rights towards a politics of policies for social inclusion (which is a process of de-politicization), the author argues for the need of re-politicizing Roma participation and empowerment by the means of understandings and actions that focus on the systemic causes of poverty, marginalization and exclusion, but also on socio-economic rights, which address rights as a socially embed process, and is co-creating and sustaining anti-racist coalitions and solidarities across ethnic groups.
21 October 2013