This paper was presented at the conference “Resourceful Cities” (RC 21 Conference 2013 – Sociology of Urban and Regional Development, International Sociological Association),organized at Humboldt University in Berlin between 20-31.08.2013.
The paper was given under Session 5 (The fracturing of urban citizenship in Europe: spatial exclusion and excluded spaces in contemporary European cities), which aimed at addressing “the abandonment or neglect of spatially concentrated communities deemed to unworthy of investment, protection and support by state and capital; the spatial separation of citizens who deserve and those who do not deserve citizenship rights”. Within this, the paper followed to give an insight into the phenomenon of advanced marginality in a post-socialist context of neo-liberalization through the investigation of the social and cultural formation of the urban landfill as segregated, stigmatized and racialized residential space, in particular through the case study on Pata Rât from Cluj-Napoca, Romania, the area hosting the city’s landfill and inhabited mostly by people (self)perceived as Roma.
The author of the paper gave an overview on the following aspects of the issue:
- Aims, empirical grounds and theoretical frames
- Romania, Cluj and its landfill – statistical overview and mapping
- Scales of marginalization in the vicinity of the urban landfill: similarities and differences between the Garbage Dump, Dallas or old Pata Rât, Cantonului street, and “Colina verde” or new Pata Rât
- Larger processes affecting the housing sector
- Conclusions: socio-spatial exclusion and creation of undeserving citizens by neoliberalization and racialization