Production of Marginality: Spatial Exclusion and Development [special issue of Intersections. EEJSP]

Special issue of Intersections. East European Journal of Society and Politics.  Volume 1 • Number 4 • 2015 - Production of Marginality: Spatial Exclusion and Development. 

IEEJSP_2015_4

The idea of the symposium on ‘Production of Marginality: Spatial Exclusion and Development’ that called most of the articles in this issue of Intersections: East European Journal of Society and Politics (IEEJSP) came from two international conferences that were enriching the academic stage of Babeș-Bolyai University (BBU) at Cluj-Napoca, Romania in November 2014. A panel called ‘Spatial exclusion and social inequalities’ was held at the annual conference of the Hungarian Sociological Association and the panel conveners proposed addressing the models of territorial exclusion and the social and political relations that (re)produced them on the ethnosocio-economic maps of local societies. Participants were also encouraged to focus on how local and trans-local factors and processes are shaping the spatial position and social status of the poor and rich, the ethnic Roma versus the non-Roma majorities in local settings. One week earlier the Romanian Society for Social and Cultural Anthropology organised its 11th annual conference at the same university. This conference focused on the topic of ‘Modes of Appropriation and Social Resistance’ and did so in several panels, among them one on ‘Roma Resistance in the Context of Development and Policy Interventions’ and another on ‘Post-socialist Neoliberalism and the Dispossession of Personhood’.

These panels fertilised several articles published in this issue of Intersections:
East European Journal of Society and Politics as the authors could meet and exchange
ideas about ways how political economy regimes are shaping the processes of spatial,
including housing arrangements, and exploring mechanisms by which impoverished
people are pushed into informality, illegality and stigmatised status, and are denied of
social citizenship and personhood. The remarkable interest of Eastern European
scholars in these topics implied an obvious intention of publishing themed articles by
the editorial team of IEEJSP; and the call for papers on the ‘Production of
marginality: spatial exclusion and development programmes’ was launched by guest
editors Tünde Virág from Hungary and Enikő Vincze from Romania. The editors of
Intersections: East European Journal of Society and Politics originally planned one
special issue; the particularly strong interest of regional scholars, however, meant that
two special sections are dedicated to this topic. Accordingly, some of the themed
articles will be published in the next issue of IEEJSP.

Note: The panel ‘Spatial exclusion and social inequalities’ was held between 27-29 November at BBU and gathered eleven participants from Romania and Hungary with the aim to discuss the relationship between spatial exclusion and social inequalities.The idea of the panel resulted from two major investigation streams. A joint investigation of research teams from Hungary, Romania and Serbia conducted a contextual inquiry on Faces and Causes of Marginalization of the Roma in Local Settings: Hungary – Romania – Serbia. Contextual inquiry to the UNDP/World Bank/EC Regional Roma Survey 2011 was a joint initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Open Society Foundation’s Roma Initiatives Office (RIO), the Making the Most of EU Funds for Roma Inclusion programme and the Central European University/Center for Policy Studies (CEU CPS) between October 2012 and June 2014. The other main contextual and empirical support of the panel was the investigation conducted in Romania since 2011 on the Spatialization and Racialization of Social Exclusion. The Social and Cultural Formation of ‘Gypsy ghettos’ in Romania viewed in a European Context - supported by a grant from the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS – UEFISCDI (project number PN-II-IDPCE-2011-3-0354).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Editorial

ENIKŐ VINCZE, ATTILA BARTHA, TÜNDE VIRÁG: Theoretical Potential of Addressing Production of Marginality at the Crossroads of Spatial Exclusion and Development 4

Symposium on Production of Marginality: Spatial Exclusion and Development

ENIKŐ VINCZE: Adverse Incorporation of the Roma and the Formation of Capitalism in Romania 14
MARIYA IVANCHEVA: From Informal to Illegal: Roma Housing in (Post-)Socialist Sofia 38
MÁRTON CZIRFUSZ, VERA HORVÁTH, CSABA JELINEK, ZSUZSANNA PÓSFAI, LINDA SZABÓ: Gentrification and Rescaling Urban Governance in Budapest-Józsefváros 55
JUDIT KELLER, ZSUZSA VIDRA, KATALIN FEHÉR, TÜNDE VIRÁG: Developmental programs in local communities 78

Interview
Efforts towards Roma Integration with Development Funds – Insight into Professional Views
INTERVIEW WITH DEYAN KOLEV BY SZILVIA RÉZMŰVES 98
INTERVIEW WITH ÁDÁM KULLMANN BY SZILVIA RÉZMŰVES 109

Article
ERVIN CSIZMADIA: The Hungarian Democratic Opposition in the 1980’s:
External and Internal Effects and Resources 119

Book Reviews
Francesca Stella: Lesbian Lives in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Post/Socialism
and Gendered Sexualities. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
JUDIT TAKÁCS 139
Grubbauer, M. and Kusiak, J. (eds) Chasing Warsaw: Socio-Material Dynamics of
Urban Change since 1990. Frankfurt/New York: Campus/Verlag, 2012.
ILGVARS JANSONS 147

Authors’ biographies

SPAREX activities in 2015

Conform PLANULUI DE REALIZARE pe anul 2015-2016 al proiectului Spațializarea și rasializarea excluziunii sociale. Constituirea socială și culturală a “ghetourilor țigănești” în România într-un context European, în Etapa unică a acestui an am realizat următoarele:

Pachetul de lucru WP 10.2. Articole pentru volum          

1.1. Finalizarea studiilor pentru volumul în limba engleză

1.2. Finalizarea capitolelor pentru volumul în limba română

RAPORT_sparex_2015RAPORT_sparex_2015

SPAREX results 2011-2014

This table

SPAREX_results_2011-2014 (2)

presents the ACHIEVED RESULTS of our project according to the planned results of the SPAREX research, as defined in the project proposal:

-          scientific articles to be published in peer-reviewed and internationally indexed academic journals;

-          a collective edited volume with selected studies undertaken within the project to be published at an academically recognized publishing house;

-          a policy paper with recommendations regarding the studied topic to be distributed at relevant governmental bodies, non-governmental stakeholders, European institutions with responsibilities in the fields of social exclusion, human rights, social policies and regional development, and also to academic institutions;

-          a documentary film linked to the empirical research that can be useful for civil society organizations, academic institutions, governmental and EU institutions working in the fields of social exclusion, human rights, social policies and regional development;

-          participation on international conferences;

-          participation on international film festivals with the documentary film produced by the project;

-          public conferences in Romania (with the aim of disseminating project results for academics, policy makers, activists).

 

Social citizenship and bare peripheries [Cristina Raț]

Papers of Cristina Raț presented in conferences attended in 2014:

Bare peripheries. State retrenchment and population profiling in segregated Roma
settlements from Romania, at the 2014 Annual Conference of the Hungarian Sociological Association, November 27-29, Cluj-Napoca

Presentation_Hun Soc Conf_CR

 

Social Citizenship at the Margins. A Return to Charity?, at the 11th Annual Conference of the Romanian Society for Social and Cultural Anthropology, 21-23 November 2014, Cluj-Napoca

Presentation_SASC_2014_CR

 

 

Glocalizarea neoliberalismului în România prin reforma statului şi dezvoltarea antreprenorială [Enikő Vincze]

Enikő Vincze published the article Glocalizarea neoliberalismului în România prin reforma statului şi dezvoltarea antreprenorială in the Romanian volume Epoca Traian Băsescu, coordinated by Florin Poenaru and Costi Rogozanu, published at Editura Tact in October 2014. The article (The glocalization of neoliberalism in Romania through the reform of the state and entrepreneurial development) makes an analysis of the post-socialist public policy frame and in particular of how was its neoliberal form shaped during the last decade. Within this context one may better understand the logic of sectoral policies, such as housing, spatial and social policies observed under the SPAREX research.  Continue reading