The idea of the symposium on ‘Production of Marginality: Spatial Exclusion and Development’ that called most of the articles in this issue of Intersections: East European Journal of Society and Politics (IEEJSP) came from two international conferences that were enriching the academic stage of Babeș-Bolyai University (BBU) at Cluj-Napoca, Romania in November 2014. A panel called ‘Spatial exclusion and social inequalities’ was held at the annual conference of the Hungarian Sociological Association and the panel conveners proposed addressing the models of territorial exclusion and the social and political relations that (re)produced them on the ethnosocio-economic maps of local societies. Participants were also encouraged to focus on how local and trans-local factors and processes are shaping the spatial position and social status of the poor and rich, the ethnic Roma versus the non-Roma majorities in local settings. One week earlier the Romanian Society for Social and Cultural Anthropology organised its 11th annual conference at the same university. This conference focused on the topic of ‘Modes of Appropriation and Social Resistance’ and did so in several panels, among them one on ‘Roma Resistance in the Context of Development and Policy Interventions’ and another on ‘Post-socialist Neoliberalism and the Dispossession of Personhood’.
These panels fertilised several articles published in this issue of Intersections:
East European Journal of Society and Politics as the authors could meet and exchange
ideas about ways how political economy regimes are shaping the processes of spatial,
including housing arrangements, and exploring mechanisms by which impoverished
people are pushed into informality, illegality and stigmatised status, and are denied of
social citizenship and personhood. The remarkable interest of Eastern European
scholars in these topics implied an obvious intention of publishing themed articles by
the editorial team of IEEJSP; and the call for papers on the ‘Production of
marginality: spatial exclusion and development programmes’ was launched by guest
editors Tünde Virág from Hungary and Enikő Vincze from Romania. The editors of
Intersections: East European Journal of Society and Politics originally planned one
special issue; the particularly strong interest of regional scholars, however, meant that
two special sections are dedicated to this topic. Accordingly, some of the themed
articles will be published in the next issue of IEEJSP.
Note: The panel ‘Spatial exclusion and social inequalities’ was held between 27-29 November at BBU and gathered eleven participants from Romania and Hungary with the aim to discuss the relationship between spatial exclusion and social inequalities.The idea of the panel resulted from two major investigation streams. A joint investigation of research teams from Hungary, Romania and Serbia conducted a contextual inquiry on Faces and Causes of Marginalization of the Roma in Local Settings: Hungary – Romania – Serbia. Contextual inquiry to the UNDP/World Bank/EC Regional Roma Survey 2011 was a joint initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Open Society Foundation’s Roma Initiatives Office (RIO), the Making the Most of EU Funds for Roma Inclusion programme and the Central European University/Center for Policy Studies (CEU CPS) between October 2012 and June 2014. The other main contextual and empirical support of the panel was the investigation conducted in Romania since 2011 on the Spatialization and Racialization of Social Exclusion. The Social and Cultural Formation of ‘Gypsy ghettos’ in Romania viewed in a European Context - supported by a grant from the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS – UEFISCDI (project number PN-II-IDPCE-2011-3-0354).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Symposium on Production of Marginality: Spatial Exclusion and Development
ENIKŐ VINCZE: Adverse Incorporation of the Roma and the Formation of Capitalism in Romania 14
MARIYA IVANCHEVA: From Informal to Illegal: Roma Housing in (Post-)Socialist Sofia 38
MÁRTON CZIRFUSZ, VERA HORVÁTH, CSABA JELINEK, ZSUZSANNA PÓSFAI, LINDA SZABÓ: Gentrification and Rescaling Urban Governance in Budapest-Józsefváros 55
JUDIT KELLER, ZSUZSA VIDRA, KATALIN FEHÉR, TÜNDE VIRÁG: Developmental programs in local communities 78
Efforts towards Roma Integration with Development Funds – Insight into Professional Views
INTERVIEW WITH DEYAN KOLEV BY SZILVIA RÉZMŰVES 98
INTERVIEW WITH ÁDÁM KULLMANN BY SZILVIA RÉZMŰVES 109
ERVIN CSIZMADIA: The Hungarian Democratic Opposition in the 1980’s:
External and Internal Effects and Resources 119
Francesca Stella: Lesbian Lives in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Post/Socialism
and Gendered Sexualities. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
JUDIT TAKÁCS 139
Grubbauer, M. and Kusiak, J. (eds) Chasing Warsaw: Socio-Material Dynamics of
Urban Change since 1990. Frankfurt/New York: Campus/Verlag, 2012.
ILGVARS JANSONS 147